Migraine is a common health condition, affecting more women than men, approximately one in five women and approximately one in 15 men. It is mainly characterized by recurrent headaches that last from 4 to 72 hours, but it is usually accompanied by other neurological alterations, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, phonophobia and other non-specific symptoms.
Types of Migraine
There are two types of migraines, which are:
- Migraine with aura: Most people with migraines with aura have temporary visual signs and symptoms just before the migraine begins, such as a point of temporary blindness, blurred vision, ocular pain, seeing light flashes or zig-zag lines, tunnel vision.
- Migraine without aura: the most common type, where migraine occurs without specific warning signs
There are several factors that trigger the migraine crisis, among which stand out: stress, atmospheric changes, exposure to the sun, disturbances in sleep rhythm, menstruation, prolonged fasting, alcohol intake, certain foods, caffeine, among others.
Although currently there is no specific cure for migraine, this type of headache can be treated and controlled, so that the affected people should not hesitate to recourse to the doctor. In general, the treatments for migraine are the following:
- Treatment of the crisis. This should be taken when the beginning of the pain is perceived, since the early treatment of the episode is paramount to be able to stop it. It consists mainly in taking medications such as Aspirin® (acetylsalicylic acid), Nolotil® (metamizole) or non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen or ketoprofen.
- Treatment of other accompanying symptoms. there are medications to treat nausea and vomiting.
- Preventive treatment. To avoid the abuse of medication during the crisis, it is usually resorted to preventive treatment if the patient suffers migraines for 10 days or more per month.
Preventive treatment is becoming one of the most important points in the treatment of patients with migraine, and the objectives are to reduce the duration, intensity and frequency of crises, as well as prevent them from causing disability to develop habitual activities.
That is why we are currently looking for the opportunity to develop better medicines that work as a preventive treatment, to prevent crises and improve the lifestyle of those with frequent and long-lasting attacks. Therefore, as a clinical research site, we are glad to participate in studies with this type of medication and achieve a better quality of life for these patients. Thus, don’t hesitate to contact us for further details and information.